IP and Mobile Trends and Education


wireless channel


How does wireless work?

What is wireless? Wireless is a way of transporting signals without any wires or optic fibers. Signals propagate through free space in this case. Often, the term wireless, refers to wireless communication. This is a way of transferring information between devices that are not connected with wires. Where is wireless used? Before learning how wireless […]


What is Pathloss

Introduction to pathloss A transmitter generally radiates the signal which has a specific power using an antenna. This signal travels in the environment as an electromagnetic wave and suffers from a phenomenon known as pathloss. This wave isn’t aware of the exact route to the receiver and hence once transmitted propagates in the direction where […]


What is Shadowing?

Shadowing happens, when there is a large object such as a hill or a building that obscures the main signal path between the transmitter and the receiver. This is known as shadowing (shadow-fading), or slow-fading, as it makes the signal level slowly changing with the time (as e.g., the building is “always” there).